CREATIVE DIRECTION / INDUSTRIAL DESIGN / MENSWEAR DESIGN
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A STUDY IN 4D PRINTING

4D printing is an interesting concept that has significant implications in product design theory. It’s useful as a paradigm for designers because it adds a new dimension to consider when developing a product.

In 4D printing a 3D object is designed (or programmed) to have multiple states, and all thats needed to transition the object from one state to the next is an energy source.
 

3D OBJECT + DELIBERATE CHANGE OVER TIME = 4D PRINTING

This gif shows 12 identical pentagonal prisms assemble themselves into a dodecahedron as energy is added to their container.